# Inheritance Example: 2D Geometry

The classes below represent simple 2D shapes. Currently the only supported functionality is get_area, but more could be added.

class Rectangle:
""" Represents a rectangle in 2D """

def __init__(self, x1, y1, width, height):
""" Initialize a rectangle from the upper left corner vertex and
its width and height.

x1: x-coordinate of the upper left corner of the rectangle
y1: y-coordinate of the upper left corner of the rectangle
width: width of the rectangle
height: height of the rectangle
"""
self.x1 = x1
self.y1 = y1
self.width = width
self.height = height

def get_area(self):
"""
>>> Rectangle(1.0, 3.0, 100.0, 50.0).get_area()
5000.0
"""
return self.width*self.height

class Triangle:
""" Represents a triangle in 2D """

def __init__(self, x1, y1, x2, y2, x3, y3):
""" Initialize a triangle from its three vertices.  The vertices
are assumed to be in counterclockwise order.

x1: x-coordinate of the first vertex of the triangle
y1: y-coordinate of the first vertex of the triangle
x2: x-coordinate of the second vertex of the triangle
y2: y-coordinate of the second vertex of the triangle
x3: x-coordinate of the third vertex of the triangle
y3: y-coordinate of the third vertex of the triangle
"""
self.x1 = x1
self.y1 = y1
self.x2 = x2
self.y2 = y2
self.x3 = x3
self.y3 = y3

def get_area(self):
"""
>>> Triangle(0.0, 0.0, 10.0, 0.0, 0.0, 5.0).get_area()
25.0
"""
# using formula from http://mathworld.wolfram.com/TriangleArea.html
return 0.5*(-self.x2*self.y1 +
self.x3*self.y1 +
self.x1*self.y2 -
self.x3*self.y2 -
self.x1*self.y3 +
self.x2*self.y3)

class Square:
""" Represents a square in 2D """

def __init__(self, x1, y1, side_length):
""" Initialize a square from the upper left corner vertex and
its side length.

x1: x-coordinate of the upper left corner of the rectangle
y1: y-coordinate of the upper left corner of the rectangle
side_length: side length of the square
"""
self.x1 = x1
self.y1 = y1
self.side_length = side_length

def get_area(self):
"""
>>> Square(1.0, 3.0, 50.0).get_area()
2500.0
"""
return self.side_length**2

class Polygon:
""" Represents a polygon in 2D """
def __init__(self, vertices):
""" Initialize a polygon from a list of vertices, where each
vertex is represented as an (x, y) tuple.

vertices: the vertices of the polygone (note: vertices
are assumed to be in counterclockwise order """
self.vertices = vertices

def get_area(self):
"""
>>> Polygon([(0, 0), (200, 0), (200, 300), (0, 300)]).get_area()
60000.0
"""
# Using formula from http://mathworld.wolfram.com/PolygonArea.html
area = 0.0
for i, v_i in enumerate(self.vertices):
v_i_plus_1 = self.vertices[(i+1) % len(self.vertices)]
area += 0.5*(v_i*v_i_plus_1 - v_i*v_i_plus_1)
return area

import doctest
doctest.testmod()

TestResults(failed=0, attempted=4)

1. Simplify the code above using inheritance. You can either cut-and-paste the code and modify it in the cell below, or modify the original code.

Hint 1: you will want to modify the __init__ methods to invoke the __init__ methods of the super class. To do so, you can use the following code in your __init__ method.

# argument1 and argument2 would be passed to the super class __init__ method
super().__init__(argument1, argument2)


Hint 2: think about the get_area function for each of the classes, can they be simplified using inheritance?



1. Create a right triangle class (make sure to use inheritance!)


1. Add a function called get_hypotenuse_length to your right triangle class.